Doctor of Medicine (MD)


A postgraduate specialised study called MD, or Doctor of Medicine, can be undertaken after earning an MBBS. It allows the aspirant to gain in-depth information and practical experience on a range of topics, including anatomy, radiotherapy, general medicine, etc. It supports the planning of effective disease diagnosis and therapy.

Eligibility criteria for the MD – One of the most sought-after degrees that requires extensive study and training over many years is medical school. Candidates can pursue an M.D. after earning their MBBS and completing an internship at an accredited medical college. It is a three-year, specialised programme.

Skills required to be an MD – The MD programme is a three-year programme. Six semesters, each lasting two years, make up the complete course. Lectures, practical work, seminars, research and thesis work, oral exams, and group discussions are all heavily weighted throughout the entire course.

The vital skills required to be a successful MD are listed below:

Diagnosis Skill

the capacity to determine a disease’s cause from its symptoms

Interpersonal Skill

the capacity to establish relationships with patients and inspire their confidence

Communication Skill

to communicate with the patient and his family, you must have excellent communication skills.

Time Management Skill

capacity to work long hours and under pressure, punctuality

Perseverance and Endurance

Having the ability to patiently listen and spend hours with patients

Team Working Skill

the capacity to collaborate with other medical professionals, specialists, and technicians

Critical Thinking and Problem Solving Skill

the capacity to manage a challenging situation and implement the necessary corrective action to relieve the patient

Use of modern treatment techniques

must be knowledgeable about contemporary medical breakthroughs and treatment modalities.

MD Course Structure

A three-year commitment is required for the MD programme. Six semesters, with two semesters per year, make up the complete course. The emphasis during the entire semester is placed on lectures, practical work, seminars, research and thesis work, oral exams, and group discussions.

Semester 1

Semester 2

Applied basic science knowledgeBiostatistics and clinical epidemiology
Diseases with reference to General MedicineDiagnostic investigation and procedures
Recent advances in Medicine 
Semester 3Semester 4
Monitoring seriously ill patientsAbility to carry out research
Counseling patients and relativesWard patient management
Ability to teach undergraduate studentsOPD patient management
Semester 5Semester 6
Long and short topic presentationsJournal conferences
Ward rounds, case presentations and discussionsPG case presentation skills
Clinical-radiological and Clinic-pathological conferencesResearch review

Doctorate of Medicine (MD) Courses

DM course graduates have a thorough understanding of the theoretical, clinical, and practical components of the pitch as well as a good communication attitude and training in research methodology. The purpose of the course is to give students a thorough understanding of the hows and whats of training them to diagnose and manage any scenario relevant to their specialty.

  • Neurology
  • Urology
  • Vascular Radiology
  • Gastrointestinal Radiology
  • Musculoskeletal Radiology
  • Interventional Radiology
  • Emergency Radiology
  • Paediatric Radiology
This specialty also includes diagnostic tests and radiation therapy. This position’s major role is to analyse diagnostic tests such as X-rays, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), computed tomography (CT), and ultrasound pictures.
General Medicine
  • Applied basic science knowledge
  • Biostatistics and clinical epidemiology
  • Research review
  • Diagnostic investigation and procedures
  • Diseases concerning General Medicine
This course assists students in meeting community needs. The specialty needs intensive care. General medicine postgraduates practise ambulatory, critical care, inpatient care, and emergency medicine.

The structure, functions, and development of human skin

  • Clinical dermatology
  • Leprosy
  • Venereology
Dermatologists treat conditions such as acne, rashes, rosacea, warts, and various types of skin cancer. They use cutting-edge scientific research to cure or prevent life-threatening diseases.
Pulmonary Medicine     

Development of the respiratory tract

  • Control of ventilation
  • Ventilation and perfusion
  • Non-respiratory functions of the g Acid-Base Balance
  • Interstitial lung disease, including drug-induced or radiation-induced lung disease
  • Infectious diseases and pneumonia
Lung transplantation, non-tuberculous mycobacterial sickness, interstitial lung disease, and pulmonary vascular disease are all covered in this course. Preoperative evaluations and comprehensive pulmonary function testing are also available at the hospital.
  • Applied Physiology
  • Muscle Function
  • Applied Anatomy
  • Clinical Pharmacology
  • General Anaesthesia
  • Neurosurgery and management of head injuries
  • Cardiac Anaesthesia
This course focuses on the use of drugs that relieve pain by making the patient unconscious. Ambulatory anaesthesia, cardiothoracic anaesthesia, paediatric anaesthesia, obstetrical anaesthesia, and pain management are all options for students.
Obstetrics and Gynaecology
  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Gynaecological Pathology, Operative Obstetrics and Gynaecology
  • Medical and Surgical Diseases: Complications in Obstetrics and Gynaecology
  • Social Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Abnormal Pregnancies, Common Disorders, and Systemic Diseases associated with Pregnancy
  • Common Obstetrical Operations, Infant Care, Neonatal Hygiene, and Breastfeeding
  • Artificial feeding, management of premature children, asphyxia, birth injuries, common disorders of newborn babies, etc.
Obstetrics and gynaecology are the two surgical-medical disciplines that deal with female reproductive organs in their pregnant and non-pregnant states, respectively, and are sometimes merged to form a single medical speciality and postgraduate study programme.

The Anatomy and Development of the Eye

  • Elementary and Physiological Optics
  • Errors of Refraction
  • Physiology of Eye and Vision
  • Diseases of the Lens.
  • Diseases of Cornea.
  • Diseases of Conjunctiva
  • Diseases of Sclera
The course focuses on teaching professionals about the anatomy, functioning, and disorders of the eyes. The curriculum includes the principles and methods involved in the treatment of eye issues such as glaucoma, irises, eye damage, orbital cellulite, tumours, and other illnesses affecting the human eye.

Psychology, anatomy, physiology

  • Biochemistry of the brain
  • Neurology and neurosurgery
  • Child psychiatry
  • Community psychiatry
  • Social psychiatry
  • Forensic psychiatry
  • Preventive psychiatry
  • Practical training at mental asylums
As a subspecialty of medicine, psychiatry focuses on the examination, diagnosis, and treatment of mental, emotional, and behavioural problems in people. It uses research-based data and nuanced methodologies to investigate the maze of the human mind. A psychiatrist can tell the difference between people who are mentally healthy and those who are mentally ill.
  • Fractures
  • dislocations
  • bone and joint infections
  • arthritis
  • congenital anomalies
  • musculoskeletal tumours
Orthopaedics is a critical and particular medical field that focuses on an individual’s musculoskeletal system. Body motions are supported and stabilised by the human musculoskeletal system. This complex network is made up of bones, ligaments, muscles, skeletal joints, and tendons.
  • Neonatology
  • Renal Disorders
  • Behavioural and developmental disorders
  • Gastrointestinal and Liver Disease
  • Child Abuse Paediatrics
  • Child Neurology
  • Paediatric Critical Care
  • Neonatology
  • Paediatric Oncology
  • Adolescent Medicine
  • Paediatric Cardiology
  • Paediatric Endocrinology
  • Paediatric Gastroenterolog
Paediatrics is a diverse specialty, with paediatricians required to work in a variety of settings, including general paediatric units supervising a wide range of health conditions affecting children, community-based long-term care of children and young people, and highly specialised units such as neonatal medicine.

Entrance Exams for MD

NEET PG: This computer-based exam is available to MD/MS and PG diploma programmes in different states, private institutes, deemed/central, ESIC, and AFMS medical institutes throughout India. There’s only one exam for all PG admissions.

INI CET: The All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) conducts the INI CET for admission to MS, DM, and MD programmes. There will be 200 multiple-choice and single-answer questions in the exam.This test determines eligibility for admission to AIIMS-Delhi, Bhopal, Bhubaneswar, Jodhpur, Rishikesh, and Raipur, as well as JIPMER, NIMHANS, and PGIMER.

Top Colleges for MD

  • Based on the curriculum, choices of specializations offered, and learning opportunities, these are the top colleges for MD in India.
S. No. Institute
1 AIIMS, Delhi
2 Maulana Azad Medical College, Delhi
3 CMC, Vellore
4 Armed Forces Medical College (AFMC), Pune
5 JIPMER, Puducherry
6 Lady Hardinge Medical College, Delhi
7 PGIMER, Chandigarh
8 King George’s Medical University, Lucknow
9 Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh
10 AIIMS, Jodhpur

State Wise PG Seats in Government & Private Colleges for MD.

Andhra Pradesh616797
Himachal Pradesh12563
J & K27430
Madhya Pradesh612350
Tamil Nadu10931067
Uttar Pradesh885786
West Bengal85583

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